Coffee is proof that there’s so much joy to be found in the little things, and if you’re going to have a well-deserved coffee break, you deserve the most perfect cup of coffee you’re going to have. There are a number of factors that you need to consider when crafting a caffeine masterpiece, but fortunately, they’re easy to learn and easy to remember. You’re never going to have to settle for anything less than a damn good cup of coffee.
Do you know how to make the perfect cup of coffee? If not, follow these tips to make the perfect cup of coffee every single time.
Buy the Right Beans
Although it may sound obvious, it still has to be said: you can’t make an excellent cup of coffee if you don’t have excellent coffee beans. Any beans you buy should be clearly indicated when they are roasted and, for the most part, a fresh roast is the best roast. It’s your best bet to buy beans that were roasted no more than a month ago. After the coffee has been toasted, carbon dioxide is slowly released, which slowly degrades the quality. So, the sooner your beans go from the toast to the coffee maker, the better.
Where coffee beans are grown and the conditions under which they are grown, almost all their distinctive characteristics, such as taste, aroma, size, shape, color, strength, are determined. In an area known as “the Bean Belt,” the world’s main coffee growing regions are between the Tropics of Cancer and Capricorn. Each region’s coffee has its own distinct, special characteristics, and the only way to find out what you want is to try them yourself.
One of the two beans is almost any form of coffee that is commercially available: Arabica, or Robusta. Arabica beans are what most specialist roasters and coffee shops use. Arabica is also considered the superior bean, valued for its excellent taste, mellow complexity, and low acidity. Farmland for Arabica plants is limited because they grow best at high altitudes, and because they produce a low-yield of beans that are labor-intensive for harvesting and processing, a premium price is needed for Arabica coffee.
It’s easier to grow Robusta beans, which means they’re cheaper and readily available. Robusta, however, is often notorious for being harshly acidic and somewhat disappointing in terms of taste, so it’s Arabica or bust if you’re looking for a great way to make the perfect cup of coffee.
Pick Your Roast
There are three types of coffee toasts: light, medium, and dark. Light roast coffee helps the bean’s true flavors shine, and is known for its crisp acidity and complex flavors. Rare and single-origin coffee varieties are normally light-roasted so that when blended, any one of their signature features will come through, but just because they’re premium beans doesn’t necessarily mean they’re the best ones for your ideal personal coffee cup.
Medium roast coffees are less acidic, with a taste that is colder, toastier, more durable. Most “House Roast” coffees fall into this category because they satisfy wildly famous people with their balanced flavor and inoffensive acidity.
The beans’ natural sugars caramelize in the dark roast coffee, producing flavor compounds that are sweet, smoky, and powerful. Most of the original flavors of the beans are destroyed by the intense heat of the roasting process, which means that if you like a darker roast, you can get away with a cheaper bean. Of all the coffee roasts, dark roast coffee has the least amount of acidity and caffeine.
Opened packets of coffee beans should be placed in an airtight container, such as screw-top jars or rubber-coated ceramic crocks. Many people wrongly assume that coffee beans should be stored in the refrigerator or freezer due to an old wives’ story, which is actually a major no-no: not only will the cold temperatures kill many of the flavor compounds of the beans, their porous existence ensures that they can readily absorb any moisture or unpleasant food aromas that lurk around. Store your beans in a quiet, cool spot, like a cabinet in the kitchen.
Grind Your Own Beans
After the beans are ground, they begin to lose their taste and potency. For best results, grind just what you need immediately before brewing.
Be Fussy About Your Water
Sure, you could use tap water, but if you truly want to make the perfect cup of coffee, just like everything else in the kitchen, you need to use the best ingredients. Although some connoisseurs swear by bottled spring water, they will do the basic carbon/carbon water filter (like Brita). When it comes to temperature, you want your water to be hot—at least 200 degrees Fahrenheit. Any lower, and you’re not going to extract as many natural oils and flavors from the beans, and you can make a cup that’s extremely bitter.
If your volume is measured, two tablespoons of ground coffee or about three tablespoons should be used for one cup of six ounces or a ten-ounce cup. But if you’re really serious about achieving total coffee perfection, the only way to go is by using a scale. Kitchen scales allow you to measure your ingredients in grams in order to be as accurate as possible. If you like a lighter brew, use 22 grams of coffee and 350 grams of water for a 10-ounce cup; use 30 grams of coffee to 350 grams of water for a stronger brew.
Choose Your Brewing Method
In the brewing of coffee, there are three methods to use: pour-over, French printing, and AeroPress. Appearances lead to a cup that is silkier, cleaner, and acidic, making it suitable for beans with floral and citrus notes. A French Press makes a richer and oilier cup of coffee that is full of flesh. Somewhere in the middle, the AeroPress offers you the best of both worlds.
However, you also have alternate brewing methods to make the perfect cup of coffee, of course.
Hopefully, these simple tips can help you to make the perfect cup of coffee every morning, right in your own home. If you like this post, don’t hesitate to share it with your loved ones so that they can make the perfect cup of coffee.
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